Produce & Flowers

Milleflora Farm

Owner: Demetra Markis

Cazadero, CA

Web site:

Application Date: 2020-02-19

Applicant Details

Please briefly tell us why you are applying to be part of the Certified Naturally Grown program: *
We are deeply committed to stewarding our land and livestock while co-existing with wildlife and the natural landscape we inhabit. Whether it is using rotational grazing, composting on-site, practicing cover cropping, establishing wildlife habitat, co-existing with wildlife predators while keeping our livestock safe, the CNG process seems to understand and acknowledge how far beyond simply organic these practices take us, and how much they matter to our community.
Are you currently third party Certified for your produce operation by any other organization (Organic, Biodynamic, etc)? *
Have you ever been certified in the past? *
Have you ever been denied certification? *
How did you hear about Certified Naturally Grown? *
Through the websites of other farmers we admire, like Tooth of the Lion farm and apothecary
How did you learn to farm, and for how long have you been farming for market? What has prepared you to farm successfully according to CNG standards? *

General Farm Information

Farm Acreage you want listed as Certified Naturally GrownTM:
Total Farm Acreage you actually GROW on: *
Number of above acreage that you own: *
Number of above acreage that you lease: *
Do you have other acreage in "Conventional" Agricultural Systems? *
General Listed Acreage Breakdown
Veg Crops:
Fruit Crops:
Other Acreage:
Please check all items you grow and will market as Certified Naturally GrownTM *

Please Specify Any Other Items:
Please check all markets you grow for (this will be displayed on your farm profile to help potential buyers find you). *

Please Specify Other Markets:

Farmland Management and Practices

Primary Tillage System: *
We use a BCS walk-behind rotary plow to establish new beds, which we then maintain with broadforks and other hand tools.
Do you use Cover Crops? *
If yes, please list: *
A local native wildflower seed mix including clarkia, California poppy, and phacelia; a certified organic mix of hairy vetch, purple vetch, austrian winter pea and field pea.
Do you use Compost? *
If yes, please note general sources (on farm, purchased complete, local grass clippings, local dairy, etc.): *
On farm as well as purchased complete (certified organic)
Please list application rates. Give a specific amount or range (for example: one to two tons per acre, ten wheelbarrow loads per 1,000 square feet, or 1-2 inches deep). Do not answer "varies". *
2-3 inches deep on beds and around perennials
Do you use Manure? *
Please list any other brought in fertility sources that you use (specific rock powders, lime, soybean / alfalfa meal, specific purchased pre-mixes, etc)and how often it's used. If you indicate a name brand product, please also specify the ingredient/s. *
Azomite, oyster shell, kelp, and biofish (contains Fish Bone Meal, Fish Meal, Feather Meal, Sulfate of Potash, Alfalfa Meal and Kelp Meal as well as humic acid) are appiled when establishing new beds. Some flower crops are sprayed with homemade high-quality compost tea or liquid fish emulsion weekly during the growth period.
Have any chemical fertilizers been applied to the fields you are seeking Certification for in the last three years (36 months)? *
Have any non-acceptable pesticides and/or herbicides been applied to these fields in the last 3 years? *
Do you use Professional Soil Testing services? *
Describe your primary weed problems AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual weed challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
Primary weeds that we deal with in planted areas include Italian thistle (Carduus pycnocephalus), filaree (Erodium moschatum, prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola), and sheep's Sorrel (Rumex acetosella). We deal with these by mechanical weeding with hoes, using intensive plant spacing (ie John Jeavons/ Biointensive gardening) so that desired plants quickly fill bare areas, top dressing with compost, and/or using wood chips (that we chip from our downed trees) on our paths. We also graze our sheep between tree plantings until summer heat kills annual weeds, and we use drip irrigation at the base of plants rather than overhead watering so that weeds can't return once the rains stop. We cover crop finished beds in fall just after the first rains and right before the second to prevent weeds from getting established.
Describe your primary insect challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual pest challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
We will apply kaolin clay to our olive trees to prevent olive fly infestation problems (this is how our neighbors handle the problem and we have assisted with the process for many years as we wait for our trees to mature). We have used neem oil for other insect infestations including thrips and white flies in the past. We practice a four-year crop rotation of all annual plants as well as companion planting with aromatic plants to deter many insects. We use scare tape on top of trellises to deter birds from attacking fruit.
Describe your primary disease challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual disease challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
We have used neem oil spray for powdery mildew; having a long dry season and practicing crop rotations and cover cropping has so far kept us from experiencing other disease issues. We also grow almost all of our annual plants from seed rather than bringing in starts that may carry diseases.
Please list the water source you use for crop irrigation. If source is public river, pond or lake, please note the name: *
We have a spring on our property which runs year-round; we use a pump to fill 35,000 gallons of water storage tanks during the winter for additional availability during the dry season.
Are there any known contaminants in the irrigation water? *
Are you a maple producer who seeks to certify your sugarbush? *

Seeds, Transplants and Buffers

How do you select your seeds? CNG standards call for growers to make a good faith effort to locate organically grown seeds by contacting at least 3 major suppliers. *
Do you purchase or grow using any Genetically Modified seeds? *
Do you use any chemically treated seeds in your operation? *
Do you grow your own transplants? *
Do you purchase potting soil, or do you mix your own on the farm? *
What ingredients does your potting mix contain? If you purchase a mix, please also indicate which product. *
Are all of your transplants grown according to CNG standards, without synthetic fertilizers or wetting agents? *
If any transplants are not grown according to CNG standards, please list them here. (If they all are, put "N/A".) This produce may not be marketed as Certified Naturally Grown. *
Do you purchase any transplants from outside sources? *
From which sources do you buy transplants? *
We bring in a handful of certified organic pepper starts from Harmony Farm and Nursery in Sebastopol, CA every spring. We purchased our olive from NovaVine in Santa Rosa over the course of a few years between 2014 and 2017.
How have you confirmed with your supplier that the transplants are grown without synthetic fertilizers or wetting agents? *
Please list any bought-in transplants not grown according to CNG standards. This produce may not be sold as Certified Naturally Grown (except, in the case of perennials, after twelve months of CNG cultivation). *
Chemical/Spray Drift and Buffers:
Is there any likelihood of Chemical/Spray drift contamination of your fields? *
Do you have an adequate buffer to protect yourself from potential contamination? *
Please describe your buffer. Be as specific as possible. On all sides, how far is it from your crops to the next closest use (road, conventional crop, residential yard)? Be sure to specify what is grown on neighboring land that is in agricultural use. For example: To the north and east, a wooded area of at least 100 yards separates us from the neighbor's corn fields, to the south is a fallow field at least 100 yards deep separating us from the road, and to the west about 60 feet separates our crops from a field where conventional corn and soybeans are grown. *
To the immediate north and east, our neighbors olive orchard is adjacent to our olive orchard. They use all organic practices and do not spray chemicals. The rest of our cultivated area is located in the center of our 33-acre parcel and we have at least 60 acres in all directions (other than our immediate neighbors) that is entirely uncultivated. There is not a lot of agriculture in our immediate community due to steep and wooded terrain on neighboring parcels.


Please indicate your agreement with the following statements by checking the boxes.
I will not label, or in any way lead consumers to believe that produce not raised in accord with CNG standards is Certified Naturally GrownTM. *
I understand that I have to complete at least one (and hopefully more) Certification Inspection(s) of another farm in my area each year, and that the inspection will NOT be of the same farmer that inspected me. *
I have reviewed the Certified Naturally Grown certification standards, I understand them, and I will abide by them. I understand that if I have any questions I may contact CNG for clarification. *
You may use this space to tell us anything else you think we should know about your farm:
We are primarily a homestead that is slowly growing into a commercial farm this year, and excited to be part of a farmer-led movement toward more holistic certification. Thanks for all you do!