Produce & Flowers

Kohlmann Farms

Owner: Lindsey Snyder


daytime phone: (724) 513-8086
Web site:

Application Date: 2021-02-08

Applicant Details

Please briefly tell us why you are applying to be part of the Certified Naturally Grown program: *
Kohlmann Farms believes in Organic regenerative farming practices. We care about the quality of the produce we receive from our fields as much as the actual field and surrounding environment. We live on the farm and we eat from the farm and we have never been interested in using anything to farm that we don't want to consume -- so conventional farming was never for us. Additionally, USDA Certified Organic doesn't seem to hold the standard that we have already set for ourselves, and therefore, does not seem worth the cost or the effort. To us, CNG is the type of certification that means something to us.
Are you currently third party Certified for your produce operation by any other organization (Organic, Biodynamic, etc)? *
Have you ever been certified in the past? *
Have you ever been denied certification? *
How did you hear about Certified Naturally Grown? *
We've learned a lot from a Podcast called "No-Till Growers" -- there we have found a community of no till 'market gardeners' -- many of whom are Certified Naturally Grown.
How did you learn to farm, and for how long have you been farming for market? What has prepared you to farm successfully according to CNG standards? *

General Farm Information

Farm Acreage you want listed as Certified Naturally GrownTM:
Total Farm Acreage you actually GROW on: *
< 1 acre (.3 total)
Number of above acreage that you own: *
approximately 85
Number of above acreage that you lease: *
Do you have other acreage in "Conventional" Agricultural Systems? *
General Listed Acreage Breakdown
Veg Crops:
Fruit Crops:
Other Acreage:
Please check all items you grow and will market as Certified Naturally GrownTM *

Please Specify Any Other Items:
We may sell some tomato or pepper plants that we have started from seed. I'm not sure if you would consider that 'greenhouse plants'.
Please check all markets you grow for (this will be displayed on your farm profile to help potential buyers find you). *

Please Specify Other Markets:
We do 'Farm Pick Ups' -- where you can order online and pick up at our farm on specified days. I would consider this different than a farm stand or a CSA.

Farmland Management and Practices

Primary Tillage System: *
Initial tillage to open a grass field. After that - we have permanent beds that are only broad forked and 'thilthed' to aerate and incorporate amendments during bed flip.
Do you use Cover Crops? *
If yes, please list: *
We have not in the past; however, we are experimenting with this currently. We have planted our open unused fields with cover crops (not the growing beds), hoping to use this as a 'green manure' or 'hay' to suppress weeds and offer nutrients. Again -- Fall 2020 these crops were planted -- so the first time we would potentially use this method is in 2021.
Do you use Compost? *
If yes, please note general sources (on farm, purchased complete, local grass clippings, local dairy, etc.): *
Yes -- we have purchased and used bagged Compost (Kellogg Organic Garden Compost - OMRI Listed) because we have had trouble locating organic/omri listed compost in bulk in our area. We aren't sure if CNG requires compost to be certified Organic or OMRI listed -- therefore we have not used any other form of compost/manure etc etc. We would like to get more information on what is allowed under this certification so that we may source bulk compost.
Please list application rates. Give a specific amount or range (for example: one to two tons per acre, ten wheelbarrow loads per 1,000 square feet, or 1-2 inches deep). Do not answer "varies". *
4cu. ft. per 50 bed during each turnover
Do you use Manure? *
Please list any other brought in fertility sources that you use (specific rock powders, lime, soybean / alfalfa meal, specific purchased pre-mixes, etc)and how often it's used. If you indicate a name brand product, please also specify the ingredient/s. *
Sphagnumpeat Moss - OMRI listed. Calcitic lime - purchased from Ohio Earth Foods Gypsum - Ohio Earth Foods Potash - Ohio Earth Foods Phosphorous - Ohio Earth Foods ReVita Pro (5-4-5) natural fertilizers: Layer-hen manure composed for 7 weeks (not heat treated), concentrated sea kelp, humate, feather meal, bone meal and sulfate of potash. Registered CDFA, OMRI listed. Used 5lbs per 50ft bed applied at planting.
Have any chemical fertilizers been applied to the fields you are seeking Certification for in the last three years (36 months)? *
Have any non-acceptable pesticides and/or herbicides been applied to these fields in the last 3 years? *
Do you use Professional Soil Testing services? *
Describe your primary weed problems AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual weed challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
Weeds are always a problem; however, with some of our no-till practices we hope that weed pressure will be less and less as the years go on. Currently our method of weed control contains all of the following: -tarps for smothering and creating stale seed beds -flame weeding (paths and beds) -various types of weeding hoes (colinear/stirrup/wheel/etc) -wood chips for some paths -hand picking -minimal tillage
Describe your primary insect challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual pest challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
Tomato worm -- current method is to try and detect them early and hand pick them off and dispose of. Cucumber beetle -- traps that are supposed to lure them in and trap them/we also use row cover as soon as the crop is planted to try and protect the plants when we can. We have also used organic peppermint essential oil mixed with water. We will attempt some other methods in the future, such as companion planting with crops that cucumber beetles hate. Japanese beetle - traps that are supposed to lure them in and trap them. We also use row cover as soon as the crop is planted to try and protect the plants when we can. Cabbage Worm - row cover / organic peppermint essential oil / removing pests by hand Additionally -- we have released beneficial insects (praying manti / lady bugs) to help combat some pests. We are also investing in some bird houses to see if we can get some help from the birds!
Describe your primary disease challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual disease challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
I think the only disease we have experienced thus far is Fusarium Wilt. There isn't really anything we can do to control this other than removing the infected plants and disposing of, to attempt to manage further spread. IF there are any ways to organically and safely manage this -- we would love some tips.
Please list the water source you use for crop irrigation. If source is public river, pond or lake, please note the name: *
We use a spring that is located on the property.
Are there any known contaminants in the irrigation water? *
Are you a maple producer who seeks to certify your sugarbush? *

Seeds, Transplants and Buffers

How do you select your seeds? CNG standards call for growers to make a good faith effort to locate organically grown seeds by contacting at least 3 major suppliers. *
Most of our seeds come from Johnny's Select Seeds. We buy organic when available. Our garlic comes from Mad River Garlic which is USDA certified organic. We have purchased a couple of random packets of seeds from other sources; however, NO GMOs, or chemically treated seeds.
Do you purchase or grow using any Genetically Modified seeds? *
Do you use any chemically treated seeds in your operation? *
Do you grow your own transplants? *
Do you purchase potting soil, or do you mix your own on the farm? *
What ingredients does your potting mix contain? If you purchase a mix, please also indicate which product. *
Ohio Earth Food 'The Seed Catapult' and 'Plant Pro Potting Soil'
Are all of your transplants grown according to CNG standards, without synthetic fertilizers or wetting agents? *
If any transplants are not grown according to CNG standards, please list them here. (If they all are, put "N/A".) This produce may not be marketed as Certified Naturally Grown. *
Do you purchase any transplants from outside sources? *
Chemical/Spray Drift and Buffers:
Is there any likelihood of Chemical/Spray drift contamination of your fields? *
Do you have an adequate buffer to protect yourself from potential contamination? *
Please describe your buffer. Be as specific as possible. On all sides, how far is it from your crops to the next closest use (road, conventional crop, residential yard)? Be sure to specify what is grown on neighboring land that is in agricultural use. For example: To the north and east, a wooded area of at least 100 yards separates us from the neighbor's corn fields, to the south is a fallow field at least 100 yards deep separating us from the road, and to the west about 60 feet separates our crops from a field where conventional corn and soybeans are grown. *
Our field is well protected from neighbors/other crops/etc etc. The field sits at least 200 yards (probably more) from the nearest main road with our home, a pole building and open land in-between. On the other side of the main road is a conventional crop (not owned by us) - that has corn or soybean. To the back of our field is a woded property that butts up to the woods of the neighbors which is a private club house used for coonhunting. To either side of our planted field are open fields and woods before hitting a creek and then a small gravel side road. There is another house on our property that is occupied by family -- however their house is also a couple of hundred yards away -- and separated by woods.


Please indicate your agreement with the following statements by checking the boxes.
I will not label, or in any way lead consumers to believe that produce not raised in accord with CNG standards is Certified Naturally GrownTM. *
I understand that I have to complete at least one (and hopefully more) Certification Inspection(s) of another farm in my area each year, and that the inspection will NOT be of the same farmer that inspected me. *
I have reviewed the Certified Naturally Grown certification standards, I understand them, and I will abide by them. I understand that if I have any questions I may contact CNG for clarification. *
You may use this space to tell us anything else you think we should know about your farm: