Mushroom

Shine Farms

Owner: Nicole Broder

Address:
4366 Sledd Lane
Mechanicsville, VA 23111
County

Mailing Address:
3301 1st Avenue
Richmond, VA 23222

Web site: http://shine.farm/

Application Date: 2022-04-06

Applicant Details

Please briefly tell us why you are applying to be part of the Certified Naturally Grown program. *
Our farm does not use chemicals or synthetic products in our growing process. It is an important aspect for our current customers and we hope being part of the CNG program will help market our practices as well as validate our practices to interested people who are either unaware or not connected to our farm. We also appreciate the farmer to farmer accountability and community created at the basis of the CNG program.
Are you currently third party Certified for your produce operation by any other organization (Organic, Biodynamic, etc)? *
no
Have you held any certification/s in the past that you don't currently hold? *
no
Have you ever been denied certification? *
no
How did you hear about Certified Naturally Grown? *
We know and have worked on other farms in our area that are CNG.
How did you learn to grow mushrooms, and for how long have you been growing them for market? What has prepared you to farm successfully according to CNG standards? *
We have attended a couple hands-on workshops for growing mushrooms and have grown mushrooms on a smaller scale for personal purposes. The resources we use grow mushrooms using practices aligned with CNG standards. This is our first year growing mushrooms for market.

General Information

Check all types of mushrooms you intend to certify. Please include any types you intend to grow or harvest in the coming 24 months. *











Other types you'll be growing, not listed above:
N/A
Are there any mushroom types you grow or harvest for which you are NOT seeking certification? Please list all such types, and explain why you are not seeking to certify them.
N/A
Please check all markets you grow for (this will be displayed on your farm profile to help potential buyers find you). *











Please specify what other markets (if any).
N/A

Substrate, Supplements, and Other Materials

For each type of mushroom you produce, tell us about your substrate. (Put "N/A" or leave blank for any type you don't produce). Please indicate in the appropriate box below: 1) what you use for substrates and supplements (if any) and 2) the sources of these materials. Include names of products and distributors where appropriate. If any substrate is obtained from a non-commercial source, please describe that source.
Shiitake (Lentinula)
N/A
Oyster (Pleurotus)
Ailanthus altissima from woods on property
King stropharia, garden giant, wine cap (Stropharia)
N/A
Reishi (Ganoderma)
N/A
Enoki, velvet foot (Flammulina)
N/A
Maitake, hen of the woods (Grifola)
N/A
Butterscotch mushroom (Nameko)
N/A
Lion's mane, pom-poms (Hericium)
Ailanthus altissima from woods on property
Chicken of the woods (Laetiporus)
N/A
White button, portabella (Agaricus)
N/A
Other (please specify)
Did you remember to indicate, for each of the substrates and supplements noted above, the sources of these materials? You may use this space to say anything else about the substrates you're using or may want to use in the future.
Do your substrates include corn, soy, cotton seed hulls, or other byproducts of crops that are grown commercially in GMO form? *
no
Do you use logs as a substrate? *
yes
Do you adhere to all state or local quarantines for forest products that there may be in your region? *
Yes
Please describe any steps you take to ensure that the logs you use are harvested according to a forest management plan that will maintain or help improve the overall health of the forest. *
Ailanthus altissima is an invasive species. We are harvesting the logs from the trees on our farm property. We confimred our practices with an employee of our local forestry department.
What do you use to seal logs after inoculation? *
cheese wax
If you use wax, how do you confirm that it does not contain ethylene-propylene co-polymer, synthetic colors, or perfumes? *
It is from a certified organic mushroom producer.
Do you use wood chips, sawdust, sawdust blocks, or wood pellets? *
no
Do you use any of the following items as substrate: cardboard, paper, clothing, municipal compost, wood from rare trees harvested for mushroom production? *
no
Do you use manure as a substrate in your mushroom operation? *
no
Please describe all sterilization or pasteurization procedures and materials you use. (If none, please put N/A) *
N/A
How do you dispose of or re-purpose used substrate? Please indicate current practices as well as any plans you have for how the used substrate may be put to further productive use. *
We plan to allow the logs to break down in in the forest floor.
How do you ensure that nutrients from used substrate do not leach into waterways? *
There is a lot of organic matter in the forest floor to help disperse and breakdown the substrate over time.

Containers, Racks, and Beds

Please describe the racks and beds used in production (if any). What are they made of? *
N/A
Please describe any containers used for sterilization, and/or pasteurization. What are they made of? *
N/A
Please describe any containers used for production. What are they made of? If you don't use containers for production (as for log-based production) you may answer "n/a". *
N/A
Were the containers purchased new or repurposed? If re-purposed, please describe how the containers had been used previously, and how you confirmed this with the supplier(s). *
N/A
In your operation, do any of the following materials come into direct contact with any substrate or fruiting bodies?Plastics that contain BPA, polystyrene, treated wood, railroad ties, containers that previously held toxic materials, re-purposed containers that had an unknown prior use *
no

Wild Harvest

CNG Mushroom certification covers cultivated mushrooms, not wild-crafted mushrooms. However, we include this section on the application for two reasons: #1 It is important to us that those who participate in our programs are mindful of the sustainability of the non-certified portions of their operations. #2 We want to give our members the opportunity to be transparent about their wild-crafting practices, and to minimize confusion about which mushrooms are certified.
Are any of the mushrooms you sell wild harvested (or "wildcrafted")? Yes/No *
no

Water

What water contamination experts have you consulted to identify which contaminants are typically found in area water, and determine the tests that should be conducted? Relevant experts may include local or state health department officials, Natural Resource Conservation Service agents, state environmental protection or pollution control agencies, local well drilling and water testing companies. (If you haven't yet done this, please indicate who you will approach, and by when you expect to have completed this program requirement.) *
We spoke to Karen Fetty, the Education Specialist at Hanover Soil and Water. We also consulted local water data publicized by the EPA.
Have you tested your water at the point of use for heavy metals or other contaminants that were identified by local water quality experts? When? What were the results? (If you haven't yet done this, please indicate by when you expect to have completed this program requirement.) *
Our local water experts didn't identify potential heavy metals in our water source. We water our mushrooms logs a well water source we drink from daily.
Do you use well water to mist or irrigate fruiting bodies? *
no
Do you use surface water to soak logs or to irrigate non-fruiting substrate? Surface water includes water from ponds, streams, and reservoirs. *
no
Do you ever use surface water to mist or irrigate fruiting bodies? *
no

Spawn

Do you purchase spawn or produce your own or some of each? (If purchased, please list the supplier.) *
We purchase our spawn from Sharondale Farm.
CNG mushroom standards prohibit for spawn production the use of adhesives, byproducts of GMO crops, or other materials prohibited for use as substrate. Are you confident none of these materials were used as a growing media for the spawn? *
yes

Pest & Disease Management

Describe your primary insect pest challenges AND methods of prevention and control. (Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate actual pest challenges or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage or how you would manage them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used.) *
Although this is our first season of larger mushroom production, we have not had many pest issues in our past experiences. We may use mechanical removal or physical barriers to assist with any pests.
Describe your primary disease challenges AND methods of prevention and control. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
We are newer to market production for mushrooms and currently have not experienced many disease challenges.

Site Location and Buffers

Is your operation either partially or entirely INdoors? *
no
Is your operation either partially or entirely OUTdoors? *
yes
Please describe neighboring land uses to the north, south, east and west of your OUTdoor operation. *
Our mushrooms are located in a wooded area of our farm. There is a highway over 300 feet northwest of the mushroom logs. Vegetable production surrounds the other non-wooded sides of the logs. ++++++
Do these uses pose a risk of drift or contamination? *
No. We do not use any chemicals in our vegetable production. Neither do our farm neighbors.
What is the distance between your outdoor production area and the nearest sources of possible contamination? *
Multiple acres away.
What other factors mediate the risk of contamination? (Prevailing wind patterns, windbreaks, method of spray, etc.) *
The trees provide windbreaks.
Has your outdoor production area been treated with prohibited substances within the past 36 months? If so, by what was it treated, and when? *
N/A

Sustainability Initiatives

What measures have you taken to conserve energy, improve energy efficiency, and/or use energy from renewable sources? (This could include system design, siting, insulation, lighting choices, and more.)
We are using an invasive species for our mushroom logs. These logs have been harvested from the woods on the property. As our logs are set up in the shade and outdoors, we hope to limit the amount of additional water used to water the logs. The logs are located in an area of our farm we visit frequently which helps in our system efficiencies.
Please use this space to highlight any other measures you take to reduce the environmental impact of your operation or to make it more sustainable in other ways.
We have already purchased our inoculation tools so in the future we will need to purchase less. Our goal is to produce the mushrooms with limited inputs.

Inspections & Networks

A core requirement of CNG certification is the on-site peer-review. Getting this completed is facilitated if you're a part of a network of mushroom producers who might serve as your inspector.
Are you a part of a network (informal or formal) of mushroom producers in your geographic area? *
no

Agreements

I will not label, or in any way lead consumers to believe that a farm product not raised in accord with CNG standards is Certified Naturally Grown *
I understand that I have to complete at least one Inspection of another CNG mushroom producer in my area each year, if there is one within a one hour drive. *
I understand that the inspection I conduct will NOT be of the same producer that inspected me. *
I have reviewed the Certified Naturally Grown mushroom certification standards, I understand them, and I will abide by them. If I have any questions I may contact CNG for clarification. *
You may use this space to tell us anything else you think we should know about your operation.