Produce & Flowers

Bass Root Farm LLC

Owner: Michael and Sarah Palmer

Address:
Fenton, MI

Web site: http://bassrootfarm.com

Application Date: 2022-01-27

Applicant Details

Please briefly tell us why you are applying to be part of the Certified Naturally Grown program: *
We are a small produce farm dedicated to natural, sustainable, and regenerative growing practices. We believe that prioritizing the health of the environment by building healthy soil structure with compost/cover crops while cultivating biodiversity in our garden is essential to producing nutrient-dense food and protecting the environment. It is important to educate the public about our growing practices and working with CNG will help us to do this and to further our own commitment to walking alongside Mother Nature as she does her magic.
Are you currently third party Certified for your produce operation by any other organization (Organic, Biodynamic, etc)? *
no
Have you ever been certified in the past? *
no
Have you ever been denied certification? *
no
How did you hear about Certified Naturally Grown? *
Honey Tree Farm in North Carolina
How did you learn to farm, and for how long have you been farming for market? What has prepared you to farm successfully according to CNG standards? *
We have always been avid gardeners, but only recently turned to farming full time in 2020. 2021 was our first full year in production in which sold produce at two local farmers markets, our own farm stand, and through direct sales to the public. This year we are expanding our offerings to include a small CSA. We have been online participants in the Market Gardener classes of Jean-Martin Fortier, and regularly study and employ practices by Eliot Coleman, Ben Hartman, Jesse Frost, and Daniel Mays, among others. In addition to studying market gardening practices, we have learned a lot through our own experience growing produce over the past two years. Observation of what is happening in the garden has prompted us to research ways to mitigate pest pressure, weeds, and disease using natural methods.

General Farm Information

Farm Acreage you want listed as Certified Naturally GrownTM:
Total Farm Acreage you actually GROW on: *
1/2 acre
Number of above acreage that you own: *
10 acres
Number of above acreage that you lease: *
0
Do you have other acreage in "Conventional" Agricultural Systems? *
no
General Listed Acreage Breakdown
Veg Crops:
100%
Fruit Crops:
Hay:
Grains/Beans:
Sugarbush:
Other Acreage:
Please check all items you grow and will market as Certified Naturally GrownTM *











Please Specify Any Other Items:
Please check all markets you grow for (this will be displayed on your farm profile to help potential buyers find you). *











Please Specify Other Markets:

Farmland Management and Practices

Primary Tillage System: *
We utilize a low-till to no-till system. We initially prepared our crop beds using a BCS walking tractor. Each growing season, we apply a new layer of compost and amendments (organic chicken manure and alfafa) and lightly till these into the top layer (1-2") of the soil using the tilther or BCS. We avoid deep tillage (unless establishing a brand new plot from sod/pasture), believing in promoting the integrity and longevity of soil's structure. When flipping beds, we cut the remaining crop at the soil level, leaving the roots to decompose in the soil, and cover the bed with a tarp for 1-2 weeks.
Do you use Cover Crops? *
yes
If yes, please list: *
Buckwheat Winter Rye Peas and Oats White Dutch Clover Hairy Vetch
Do you use Compost? *
yes
If yes, please note general sources (on farm, purchased complete, local grass clippings, local dairy, etc.): *
Purchased from a local landscape company that is STA certified.
Please list application rates. Give a specific amount or range (for example: one to two tons per acre, ten wheelbarrow loads per 1,000 square feet, or 1-2 inches deep). Do not answer "varies". *
1-2 inches per bed
Do you use Manure? *
yes
If yes, please note general sources (local dairy, horse farm, etc.): *
This is mixed into the compost by the supplier. We only apply animal-based compost once per year, while other applications utilize the plant-based compost.
Please list application rates. Give a specific amount or range (for example: one to two tons per acre, ten wheelbarrow loads per 1,000 square feet, or 1-2 inches deep). Do not answer "varies". *
1-2 inches per bed
What time of year do you apply the manure? *
Spring
Do you apply any non-composted Manure within 120 days of veg-crop harvesting? *
no
Please list any other brought in fertility sources that you use (specific rock powders, lime, soybean / alfalfa meal, specific purchased pre-mixes, etc)and how often it's used. If you indicate a name brand product, please also specify the ingredient/s. *
Nature's Supreme organic chicken manure Summit Forage Products Alfalfa meal Fish emulsion (via sprayer) Compost tea (via sprayer) Organic REV
Have any chemical fertilizers been applied to the fields you are seeking Certification for in the last three years (36 months)? *
no
Have any non-acceptable pesticides and/or herbicides been applied to these fields in the last 3 years? *
no
Do you use Professional Soil Testing services? *
yes
Describe your primary weed problems AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual weed challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
Rhizomes are the most difficult weed, because this was formerly a grassy pasture. We use tarps primarily, but also hand pull when we see them. This year, we plan to use woven landscape fabric to cover some of our beds. For other weeds (prostrate knotweed, white goosefoot, woodsorrel, white campion, Norwegian cinquefoil, horseweed, etc.), we pull by hand if large, or utilize hoes and other hand tools for removal. We do not use any sprays for weeds.
Describe your primary insect challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual pest challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
Our primary pest challenges are flea beetles, leaf miners, cucumber beetles, squash bugs, slugs, Colorado potato beetle, Japanese beetles, cabbage looper, cross striped cabbage worm, and horn worms. We use row covers and insect netting for flea beetles, leaf miners, cabbage looper and cabbage worms. If there is a particularly bad infestation of flea beetles or squash bugs, we will apply one application of Neem Oil spray. For slugs, we hand pick and may use beer traps. For cabbage looper, cross striped cabbage worm, and horn worms, we hand pick unless there is a bad infestation, requiring one application of BT spray. No other pest sprays are used. We also use Japanese beetle traps and leaf miner traps.
Describe your primary disease challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual disease challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
We have encountered downy and powdery mildew on squash and cucumber plants. These we treat by removing affected leaves or plants, and/or spraying one application of copper fungicide.
Please list the water source you use for crop irrigation. If source is public river, pond or lake, please note the name: *
Well water
Are there any known contaminants in the irrigation water? *
no
Are you a maple producer who seeks to certify your sugarbush? *
no

Seeds, Transplants and Buffers

How do you select your seeds? CNG standards call for growers to make a good faith effort to locate organically grown seeds by contacting at least 3 major suppliers. *
We purchase organic and non-GMO seeds from Johnny's, High Mowing, Seed Savers Exchange, Wood Prairie Family Farm, True Leaf Market, and Harris Seed Company.
Do you purchase or grow using any Genetically Modified seeds? *
no
Do you use any chemically treated seeds in your operation? *
no
Do you grow your own transplants? *
yes
Do you purchase potting soil, or do you mix your own on the farm? *
Both
What ingredients does your potting mix contain? If you purchase a mix, please also indicate which product. *
We have used Dairy Doo (Morgan Composting). We are now mixing our own seed starter and potting soil mix. Seed starter: Organic Peat Moss and Vermiculite Potting Mix: Organic Peat Moss, Compost, Perlite, blood and bone meal, lime, worm castings
Are all of your transplants grown according to CNG standards, without synthetic fertilizers or wetting agents? *
yes
If any transplants are not grown according to CNG standards, please list them here. (If they all are, put "N/A".) This produce may not be marketed as Certified Naturally Grown. *
N/A
Do you purchase any transplants from outside sources? *
no
Chemical/Spray Drift and Buffers:
Is there any likelihood of Chemical/Spray drift contamination of your fields? *
no
Do you have an adequate buffer to protect yourself from potential contamination? *
yes
Please describe your buffer. Be as specific as possible. On all sides, how far is it from your crops to the next closest use (road, conventional crop, residential yard)? Be sure to specify what is grown on neighboring land that is in agricultural use. For example: To the north and east, a wooded area of at least 100 yards separates us from the neighbor's corn fields, to the south is a fallow field at least 100 yards deep separating us from the road, and to the west about 60 feet separates our crops from a field where conventional corn and soybeans are grown. *
The closest known conventional farm land is located approximately 500 yards south of our property, across the road and behind a hill and row of houses. On the west side of our property is residential land with trees and grasses. On the east side of our property is another 10 acre property with fenced, untreated horse pasture. On the north side is woods.

Agreements

Please indicate your agreement with the following statements by checking the boxes.
I will not label, or in any way lead consumers to believe that produce not raised in accord with CNG standards is Certified Naturally GrownTM. *
I understand that I have to complete at least one (and hopefully more) Certification Inspection(s) of another farm in my area each year, and that the inspection will NOT be of the same farmer that inspected me. *
I have reviewed the Certified Naturally Grown certification standards, I understand them, and I will abide by them. I understand that if I have any questions I may contact CNG for clarification. *
You may use this space to tell us anything else you think we should know about your farm: