Produce & Flowers

Broken Road Farm

Owner: Tony Just

Address:
8910 Summer Shade Rd.
Willow Shade, KY 42166
County

daytime phone: (270) 308-5055
Web site: http://www.brokenroad.farm

Application Date: 2022-05-18

Applicant Details

Please briefly tell us why you are applying to be part of the Certified Naturally Grown program: *
We believe in a de-centralized system of certifying farms that grow organically/naturally. We do not want to be part of a certifying operation that can be lobbied by big Ag. I think the Certified Naturally Grown program can bring fellow farmers closer together while keeping each other accountable at the same time. I want to support this movement while giving our farm another level of credibility with our customers. When I do explain to our customers that we are not certified, but grow naturally, every single one has been ok with that explanation and more often than not will have an opinion of their own regarding USDA certification (Not so positive). I think our customers will find interest in CNG and it may catch on with other farmers at the market.
Are you currently third party Certified for your produce operation by any other organization (Organic, Biodynamic, etc)? *
no
Have you ever been certified in the past? *
no
Have you ever been denied certification? *
no
How did you hear about Certified Naturally Grown? *
Exploring alternatives to USDA certification.
How did you learn to farm, and for how long have you been farming for market? What has prepared you to farm successfully according to CNG standards? *
I am a self taught farmer and have been farming for a few years now, but this is my first year turning my passion into a business. I have been reading and going to Youtube school since 2015 through the likes of Curtis Stone, Diego Footer, Jesse Frost (No-Till Growers), Eliot Coleman, JM Fortier, etc... When I moved from the city of Louisville to where my wife is from in Metcalfe County in 2018, a big part of the agreement to move was to fulfill my dream of market gardening! My outlook has been to farm "organically" since the beginning and have made many mistakes and have learned a lot over the last few years. The biggest lesson I have learned is preventative maintenance on the farm; whether that's with disease, pest pressure, crop rotation, and overall planning and management.

General Farm Information

Farm Acreage you want listed as Certified Naturally GrownTM:
Total Farm Acreage you actually GROW on: *
1/4
Number of above acreage that you own: *
0
Number of above acreage that you lease: *
1
Do you have other acreage in "Conventional" Agricultural Systems? *
no
General Listed Acreage Breakdown
Veg Crops:
1/4
Fruit Crops:
Hay:
Grains/Beans:
Sugarbush:
Other Acreage:
Please check all items you grow and will market as Certified Naturally GrownTM *











Please Specify Any Other Items:
I would mention cover crops - not a crop we grow - but a big part of our rotation
Please check all markets you grow for (this will be displayed on your farm profile to help potential buyers find you). *











Please Specify Other Markets:

Farmland Management and Practices

Primary Tillage System: *
We are using initial tillage to create our raised beds that will then turn into a low to no-till approach. We may shallow cultivate with a tilther for direct seeded crops, but otherwise we start everything in transplants to reduce tillage type disturbances
Do you use Cover Crops? *
yes
If yes, please list: *
We had an initial cover crop of Winter Rye, Hairy Vetch, and Tillage Radish over winter before being tilled in this early spring to create our raised beds. Throughout this year we are going to incorporate a cover crop mix of buckwheat, soybeans, Sudan grass, cowpeas, and oats from Albert Lea Seed Company as we crop out beds. We have a long rotation between bed uses so cover crops will be in place throughout the season. We have not decided on the exact mix for our winter cover, but that will be done, as well.
Do you use Compost? *
yes
If yes, please note general sources (on farm, purchased complete, local grass clippings, local dairy, etc.): *
Worm Castings - Brut Worm farm Compost we make ourselves on farm. - An insignificant amount for the amount of ground we utilize in the new business. We are more interested in re-mineralizing and unlocking what is already in our soil. We do not import compost at this moment.
Please list application rates. Give a specific amount or range (for example: one to two tons per acre, ten wheelbarrow loads per 1,000 square feet, or 1-2 inches deep). Do not answer "varies". *
In the past it has been 2 wheelbarrows per 100 square feet - maybe 2 inches.
Do you use Manure? *
no
Please list any other brought in fertility sources that you use (specific rock powders, lime, soybean / alfalfa meal, specific purchased pre-mixes, etc)and how often it's used. If you indicate a name brand product, please also specify the ingredient/s. *
Lime, alfalfa meal, bone meal, worm castings (Brut Worm Farms)
Have any chemical fertilizers been applied to the fields you are seeking Certification for in the last three years (36 months)? *
no
Have any non-acceptable pesticides and/or herbicides been applied to these fields in the last 3 years? *
no
Do you use Professional Soil Testing services? *
no
Describe your primary weed problems AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual weed challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
There is a vining cress that spreads rapidly near the creek plot - We just tear it out as we see it. Wild onions will pop up just about everywhere on the farm. We do not utilize any products. We use wire weeders made out of 9 gauge wire to flow up and down beds for pre-emergent thread stage weeds. We use preventative techniques and when weeds get beyond thread stage we'll use a traditional sharp edged hoe to shallowly rip it out or get on our hands and knees the old fashioned way and pull.
Describe your primary insect challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual pest challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
We no longer use any "sprays" and when we did we used organic bonide spinosad. I have a great list of insects that potentially pose challenges - Click beetles, fleat beetles, squash bugs, spotted/striped cucumber beetles, squash vine borers, Japanese beetles, grasshoppers, cutworms, corn borer, spider mites, mexican bean beetles, green stink bugs, etc. We combat these by picking them off, row covers (agribon 15), crop rotation, and crop succession planning / crop timing (seasonal adjustments). We have noticed an up tick in beneficial insects and we're greatly interested in what benefits they'll bring this year.
Describe your primary disease challenges AND methods of control. Do not answer "none". You MUST indicate either actual disease challenges and/or LIKELY challenges, and you must ALSO indicate how you manage (or would manage) them. If you indicate a product, also specify how often it's used. *
We have seen powdery mildew in squash plants and we end up just removing those leaves that are affected or at times the entire plant. Bacterial wilt transferred by cucumber beetles has been our biggest challenge and so crop succession planning will be our biggest strategy this year. We are going to also experiment with yellow sticky traps on borders to attract cucumber beetles away. We have seen common blight in tomatoes and cowpeas, but this has hit at the tail end of production so we just rip it out and call it a day. Here in Kentucky we get torrential downpours followed by near drought conditions, mixed with high humidity - And as we are growing almost entirely field crops (greens and other small veg often under row cover), we accept what the weather incurs on us and accept losses and gains. Blossom end rot in tomatoes - We have adjusted calcium levels by adding lime and gypsum and adjusted planting depth and technique. Overall, disease has not hit us very hard since we have been farming over the past few years. Pests have been our biggest enemy and often will bring the disease, therefore proper pest management is our biggest concern.
Please list the water source you use for crop irrigation. If source is public river, pond or lake, please note the name: *
Outside spigot from our home. We run lines to our plots that surround the home.
Are there any known contaminants in the irrigation water? *
no
Are you a maple producer who seeks to certify your sugarbush? *
no

Seeds, Transplants and Buffers

How do you select your seeds? CNG standards call for growers to make a good faith effort to locate organically grown seeds by contacting at least 3 major suppliers. *
We almost solely purchase from High Mowing Seed Co. We ordered from Johnnys and True Leaf Market this year, as well. We only purchase organic seeds and have the receipts to show that.
Do you purchase or grow using any Genetically Modified seeds? *
no
Do you use any chemically treated seeds in your operation? *
no
Do you grow your own transplants? *
yes
Do you purchase potting soil, or do you mix your own on the farm? *
Mix our own
What ingredients does your potting mix contain? If you purchase a mix, please also indicate which product. *
Sphagnum peat moss, worm castings, "Down to Earth" 4-4-4 organic fertilizer, perlite, and powdered lime.
Are all of your transplants grown according to CNG standards, without synthetic fertilizers or wetting agents? *
yes
If any transplants are not grown according to CNG standards, please list them here. (If they all are, put "N/A".) This produce may not be marketed as Certified Naturally Grown. *
N/A
Do you purchase any transplants from outside sources? *
no
Chemical/Spray Drift and Buffers:
Is there any likelihood of Chemical/Spray drift contamination of your fields? *
no
Do you have an adequate buffer to protect yourself from potential contamination? *
yes
Please describe your buffer. Be as specific as possible. On all sides, how far is it from your crops to the next closest use (road, conventional crop, residential yard)? Be sure to specify what is grown on neighboring land that is in agricultural use. For example: To the north and east, a wooded area of at least 100 yards separates us from the neighbor's corn fields, to the south is a fallow field at least 100 yards deep separating us from the road, and to the west about 60 feet separates our crops from a field where conventional corn and soybeans are grown. *
We live in a semi-mountainous region. There are conventional farms around but are blocked by not only lines of trees but mountain tops. There is a conventional farm that exists over and across a ridge blocked by the top of a mountain and woods. There is conventional corn grown across the road and about 300 yards west blocked by another house that does not farm (the corn field cannot be seen from our farm)

Agreements

Please indicate your agreement with the following statements by checking the boxes.
I will not label, or in any way lead consumers to believe that produce not raised in accord with CNG standards is Certified Naturally GrownTM. *
I understand that I have to complete at least one (and hopefully more) Certification Inspection(s) of another farm in my area each year, and that the inspection will NOT be of the same farmer that inspected me. *
I have reviewed the Certified Naturally Grown certification standards, I understand them, and I will abide by them. I understand that if I have any questions I may contact CNG for clarification. *
You may use this space to tell us anything else you think we should know about your farm: